If you are building a new home, remodeling your home, or just want to make your home look better, you may find yourself in need of an interior decorator, an interior designer, and/or an architect.
Some of the areas of expertise of these professionals may overlap, so deciding which one to hire can be a bit confusing.
Here is a simplified explanation of what each professional does.
These professionals can also work on commercial buildings, however this article will focus on the residential side of their jobs.
Interior decorators focus only on the aesthetics of a home.
Their main focus is on making an existing home more visually appealing.
They can assist in selecting flooring, lighting, window coverings, paint colors, furniture, and accessories, however they do not design structural changes (such as a kitchen or bathroom remodel).
Interior decorators are not required to have any special training or certifications, so anyone can call themselves an interior decorator.
Interior designers focus on the function as well as the aesthetics of a home - everything from floor to ceiling, but typically excluding the foundation and roof.
They can assist you with everything an interior decorator can, however they also design interior structural components such as plumbing, electrical, carpentry (cabinets, closet layout, decorative molding, etc), kitchens, and bathrooms.
Interior designers often work with architects during the construction of new homes. Typically an architect will design the house, then an interior designer will select the specific materials (countertops, cabinet material, paint colors, lighting, flooring, etc), furniture, and decorations. Designers often also use the architect's plans and draw furniture in each room to visualize how the furniture will fit and make small tweaks to the plan to make the house function better for the new homeowners.
They can also assist with kitchen or bathroom remodels by designing a change in layout, specifying materials, and adding decorative items.
Interior designers can suggest the modification of walls, however if the wall is determined to be load bearing, a structural engineer is hired to specify supports required to ensure the home is structurally safe.
Interior designers are required to have a college degree, work for a year or more under a licensed interior designer, and be certified by passing an extensive multi-day examination. Many states require yearly licensing that requires continuing education.
Each state has different regulations regarding the title of interior designer, licensed interior designer, certified interior designer, registered interior designer, and other variations. Make sure to research so you know the difference in your particular state. Many people have been fined thousands of dollars for misrepresenting themselves as an interior designer when they do not meet the state's criteria.
Architects focus on the function and aesthetics of the shell of a home - interior and exterior (basically all of the items that are attached to the home).
They can design a building from the ground up, including the foundation, structural elements, and roof.
Architects are required to have a college degree and be certified by examination.
Sometimes the lines blur between the professions. Some architects can also decorate. Some decorators have an interior design degree but never took the exam to be licensed. Some interior designers design entire homes from the ground up.